Jesus instituted communion (the Lord’s Supper), as we know it today, after His final Passover meal was eaten. Jesus had celebrated many Passover meals before in His life and had even celebrated several with His disciples before this time.
Luke 22:15 NKJV
“Then He said to them, ‘With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer’ ”
His final Passover was special and He had awaited it for a long time. It was at His final Passover that He instituted the new covenant. After the meal was eaten, Jesus broke the bread and gave it to them, saying ‘This is My body which is given for you.’ Then He picked up the third cup of wine (the cup of redemption) and said to them, ‘This is the new covenant in My blood which is shed for you.’
The first thing (first works) that the disciples did under the new covenant was to participate in communion.
Luke 22:17-20 NKJV
“Then He took the cup, and gave thanks and said, ‘Take this and divide it among yourselves, for I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.’ And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me’ Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, ‘This is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you’ ”
Communion is much more than just a piece of bread and a sip of juice. During communion we enter into a close spiritual relationship with God. It is a very, very intimate time between you and God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Communion is an act of sharing, a having in common, an exchange of thoughts and feelings, an intimate talk, fellowship, a close spiritual relationship.
Today we receive the same benefits through communion that the Hebrews received through the Passover lamb. When we receive the communion elements (bread and juice) we remember Jesus. The Hebrews ate the body of the lamb and applied the blood of the lamb to their dwelling place. In communion we use two elements: bread and juice. Each one is significant and has it’s own meaning and benefits. Also when the two are brought together, it is very significant and powerful.